Dutch Posts TulipTV – “Oliebollen”

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Oliebol:

“Oliebollen” are a traditional fried yeast dough dish from the low  lands. Traditionally there are eaten by the Dutch on New Years Eve, also they’re being sold on fun fairs all across the Netherlands and Belgium.

Oliebollen are manufactured by using two spoons to drop an amount of batter in a pan with hot oil to form a sphere-shaped oliebol, you leave it in the pan untill it becomes brown.

The batter consists of flour, eggs, yeast, some salt and milk, sometimes beer is used instead of yeast since beer contains yeast. The batter should rise for around an hour, making the oliebol is a very light baked good. Most of the time oliebollen get eaten with powdered sugar.

Origin:

There are several theories about the origin of the oliebol. This one in particular is referring to the Teutonic tribes in the area that is now known as the Netherlands.  They would consume these baked goods at the “Joelfeest”, between December 26 and January 6. According to the Teutonic would he goddess Perchta and other evil spirits wander at night. To satisfy these spirits food was offered, most of them containing fried dough. Because of the fat the sword of Perchta would simply slide off the body. It is suspected that the Portuguese Jews during the Spanish Inquisition fled to the Netherlands with their recipes. In Portugal at that time, there was also something similar to the oliebol. (dried) Southern Fruits.

From Oliekoek to Oliebol

For centuries the Dutch ate “oliekoek”, an old name for oliebol. The oliebollen back then are very similar to the oliebollen now. At that time, they were baked in Lard or “Raapolie”. During the nineteenth century the word “oliebol” started to be used momre. In 1868 Van Dale, a famous Dutch dictionairy, put the word “oliebol” in its dictionary. In that dictionary they say that “oliekoek” is a more commonly used term, but then there was a major change and from the early twentieth century the word “oliekoek” was not used anymore and had been replaced by “oliebol”.

Dutch Posts Tulip TV – “Knikkeren”

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Intro:

A “knikker” is a little massive sphere-form of glass, marble, rock, wood, clay or synthetic material. Sometimes they’re also made of metal. Most of the time they’re used for kids for the game “knikkeren”. In the Flanders area they’re also called marbles. The sphere-form has a diameter of approximately one to five centimeter.

History:

The game of knikkeren was already known in the antiquity, also the Roman and Egyptian kids used to play with them. There are many different variations of knikkeren, with each a specific goal and rules.

Knikkeren:

Knikkeren is the game you play with the marbles. There are multiple variations. A populair variation is where multiple players take turns, each starting at a certain distance and have to throw the marbles into a pit or a “knikkerput”. The players must try to hit the marbles of the opposing players so they roll away farther away from the pit. The player who gets all the marbles first in the pit wins the game.

Often, but this differs from each region or even differs from each school, there are different kinds of marbles which have a certain value. In general the larger marbles have an higher value than the smaller ones, and rare marbles with an odd colour pattern also have an higher value than the common marbles. This has consequences to the betting of the marbles, since the amount of points that can be obtained must be equal on each side. Most of the time the players play for the marbles, the winner keeps all the marbles. Kids keep there marbles in a special bag; the “knikkerzak”.

My school used a different variation where each player has one marble to use and take turns. We start throwing the marble from a set distance to the pit, depending on where the marble is on the ground  the players use their thumb to lob the marble into the pit. Using your index finger to hold your thumb back and release when there is enough tension on your thumb is a common technique called “pieken”. Using this technique correctly can make a player lob the marble from a far distance into the pit, the first player to get his marble into the pit takes both marbles and the game ends there.

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A knikkerput with marbles.

Production:

Clay marbles are being made in factories since 1870. Starting in 1890 also glass marbles could be made in factories by special marble machines. Marbles exists of all kinds of materials, but the glass marble stays the most populair and is the most durable (doesn’t wear off or break fast).

It is not that easy to make glass marbles. Molten glass has to be divided in equal size cylinders. These cylinders are then going into a special machine with a kind of millstone, which rolls the warm glass into little spheres. It is very difficult to do this very precisely.

Trivia:

  • Marbles play a key part in the short Dutch kid movie “Voor een paar knikkers meer”
  • The expression “Iemand eruit knikkeren” means removing someone against their will from a situation (marriage, café, etc.), usually the reason for this is bad behaviour.
  • Annually the National Knikker Championchips are held in Noordeloos. 

 

  

Dutch Posts Tulip TV – “Sjoelen”

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Intro:

“Sjoelen” is a Dutch parlor game where the players each have 3 turns to try shoving 30 discs through four little gates to the end of the plank. The first time the players try to shove all the discs through the gates, the second and third time the players try to shove the gates who haven’t been through a gate yet. The discs get the same amount of points of the gates where they end up in (2-3-4-1)

The box:

The “sjoelbox” is 2 meters long. The gates have (from left to right) a value of 2,3,4 and 1. The value is given by the amount of copper nails that have been placed above the gate.  

Between the open front-side and the middle-part has been cross-lath. DIt marks the border between the throwing zone and the middle-part, where the discs are allowed to be moved by other discs.Discs that bounce back in the throwing zone can not be played again, although this can be discussed by the players you’re playing with.

Also the cross-lath can be used to place the discs on.

Keeping score:

Every gate has a different point value. The gates on the outside are 1 and 2 points, the gates in the middel are 3 and 4 points. If a player can shove a disc in each gate, the combination is not worth 10 but 20 points. So 2 discs in each gate are worth 40 points, etc.. Any leftover discs in the gate are worth the given value on the gate. With 30 discs a player can get a maximum amount of 148 points, 7 combinations of 4 discs for 20 points each + 2 discs x 4 points.

If the player got all 148 points in one round, the player can get a total of 8 bonus points. The player gets a disc back for each turn not used.

When a player throws most of the discs in the 1-point gate, the Dutch call it “Eendjes voeren” (feeding ducks).